Israel’s ongoing control over the ARA on land causes immense damage to Gaza farmers and herders. The military’s frequent actions in the area and its enforcement of arbitrary and inconsistent restrictions force farmers to make no more than minimal use of the lands closest to the fence, especially within its 300-meter range. To add insult to injury, the biannual aerial herbicide spraying that Israel conducts causes heavy damage to farmland in some cases more than one kilometer away from the fence and causes unknown harm to the health of people, flora and fauna.